The Construction of Modern Montserrat:
Architecture, Ideology and Politics
Tuesday 19 April 2016
Josep Maria Garcia Funtes
The modern architectural construction of the monastery-shrine of Montserrat during the 19th and 20th centuries was a process involving diverse ideological and cultural groups that ran parallel to the contemporary negotiation to define a modern national imaginary for Catalonia and Spain.
It was shaped by a lack of information on the previously medieval monastery destroyed during the Peninsular War in the early 19th century. Therefore, it was necessary to develop a new architectural model for Montserrat, which changed several times throughout the process, and was always tied to the intricate negotiation on the modern symbolism of the monastery and the strange mountain where it is located, as shown by Antoni Gaudí's architecture and others.